BESSHO ONSENBessho Onsen is the oldest hot spring resort in Nagano and is known for its beautifying hot spring water

About Bessho Onsen

With a history of 1,400 years, Bessho Onsen (別所温泉) has a longer standing history than any other hot spring resort in the prefecture of Nagano. Its alkaline waters are known for their healing as well as beautifying qualities and are nicknamed bijin – meaning beautiful lady in Japanese – water. Many of the buildings and temples from centuries past are well-preserved, causing Bessho Onsen to also be called the Kamakura of Shinshu.

There are many ryokan and hotels in the town, but the biggest reason for people to visit Bessho Onsen is to bathe in one of the four public onsen:

  • The main onsen is called Oyu (6:00-22:00, ¥150), located in the center of town. This hot spring facility is the largest of the traditional onsens and has an indoor and outdoor bath for both genders.
  • Ishiyu (6:00-22:00, ¥150) is the second most popular hot spring in Bessho Onsen, and was featured in a centuries-old novel by famous novelist Shotaro Ikenami as shown by the statue of a brush in front of the building. The onsen is frequented by fans of the novel.
  • Oyu and Ishiyu are frequently visited by visitors to the town, but Daishiyu (6:00-22:00, ¥150) is a onsen for mostly locals. Bathing there is a very traditional experiece, with no shower section like the onsen of old time.
  • Aisome no Yu (10:00-22:00, ¥500) is very different from the above three hot springs as it is more modern. There are multiple baths – both indoor and outdoor – and saunas, massages, and relaxation spaces.

For those who want a light version of bathing in the hot springs, there are three foot baths found through town where you can just dip your feet in and relax. Another way to experience onsens is by finding one of the many dragon-headed fountains. These fountains spew out potable hot spring water which is said be good for health.

In the center of town there is a street connecting the Kitamuki and Anrakuji temple – the two most important temples of the town. This street is lined with souvenir shops and local treats. The biggest best-sellers are the onsen-steamed manju buns.

On the one side of the street is the 9th century Kitamuki Kannon Temple (6:00-17:30), a temple devoted to Kannon, the goddess of mercy. The name literally means north-facing temple, and the temple is – surprise surprise – facing the north, in the direction of the Zenko-ji Temple in Nagano City. Legend says that in order to balace yourself, you need to visit both temples.

On one of the hillsides surrounding Bessho Onsen is the 12th century Anrakuji Temple (8:00-17:00, ¥300), most known for its 3-tiered octagonal pagoda, the only one in Japan. The pagoda is a designated National Treasure as the oldest Zen temple in the Nagano region.

Other temples and shrines in the area are the hillside Bessho Shrine, with a lovely view over the town, and the adjacent Jorakuji Temple, a temple with a museum which exhibits prayer plaques called ema in Japanese painted by both unknown and incredibly famous artists (Hokusai being one of them).

For those loving to walk, there are a few hikes leading to the tops of the surrounding hills. These hikes start from Bessho Onsen Station and show you the town and the surroundings in the best way. The hikes can take 1 to 3 hours.

You can go to Bessho Onsen via Ueda Station by either byvivle or train. The trainride is a famous one in Japan for its beautiful sceneries. Another way to get to the hot spring town is via rental bicycle. You can rent bicycles at Bessho or Ueda Station for ¥500 from 9:00 to 17:00. There are two cycling courses, one by the Chikuma River, and 1 past some of the centuries-old temples of the region.

General Information about Bessho Onsen

Travel Tips

How to get to Bessho Onsen

Option 1: Tokyo → Ueda → Bessho Onsen (±12,500)

1. From Tokyo Station to Ueda Station (1 hour 30 minutes):
Take the Hokuriku Shinkansen* from Tokyo Station to Ueda Station.
*The Hokuriku Shinkansen is covered by the Hokuriku Arch Pass, the JR East Pass, and the nationwide JR Pass.

2. From Ueda Station to Bessho Onsen Station (25 minutes):
From Ueda Station, take the Bessho Line train to Bessho Onsen, the end station.


Option 1: Matsumoto → Bessho Onsen (±2,000)

1. From Matsumoto Station to Bessho Onsen Station (1 hour 10 minutes):
Take the direct bus bound for Bessho Onsen from the Alps Exit at Matsumoto Station.

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